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fxus63 kind 182037 
afdind

Area forecast discussion
National Weather Service Indianapolis in
437 PM EDT sun Aug 18 2019

Update...

The synopsis, near term, and short term sections have been
updated below.

&&

Synopsis...
issued at 437 PM EDT sun Aug 18 2019

A remnant boundary may help to develop thunderstorms this
afternoon and evening, some of which could be strong to severe,
with damaging winds the primary threat. A largely diurnal threat
for storms can be expected the next couple of days, with a more
substantial storm threat Wednesday with the passage of a cold
front. A few storms on Tuesday however could be severe with
damaging winds. Conditions late in the period will be cooler with
high pressure in the area, along with a few slight chances for
storms along the periphery of the upper ridge to the southwest.

&&

Near term /this afternoon and tonight/...
issued at 437 PM EDT sun Aug 18 2019

Thus far, convection across the area has struggled, as a weak cap
does remain in place. We've got a little while longer for things
to develop and move into the area before we start to lose heat,
and plenty of instability is in place along with marginal but
increasing deep layer shear as a remnant circulation moves toward
the area over the next couple of hours. As is typical for the time
of year, hail is somewhat of an afterthought, especially today
with midlevel lapse rates marginal and freezing levels high.
Marginal severe hail cannot be ruled out though, but damaging
winds amid a healthy dcape and low level lapse rate environment
will be the primary threat.

Expect convection to wane steadily after the watch expires and
should be dry late tonight.

Airmass changes only marginally tonight and thicknesses/dewpoints
suggest lows near those of last night...70 plus or minus a couple
degrees.

&&

Short term /Monday through Wednesday/...
issued at 437 PM EDT sun Aug 18 2019

Storm threats will continue each day through the short term, but
will be largely diurnal, with the highest threats in the
afternoons and evenings, and lower threats late nights into the
mornings. There will be a bit higher threat for storms Wednesday
as the cold front passes.

On Tuesday, day 3 outlook slight risk nudges into the area, and
Storm Prediction Center suggests a climatologically typical high cape low-moderate
shear mesoscale convective system with a damaging wind threat. This looks entirely
reasonable given our position on the periphery of the upper ridge
to our southwest, and this threat will bear monitoring.

Temperatures should remain warm, in the neighborhood of 90 during
the day and 70 overnight through the short term, cooling quite a
bit as the front passes at the end of the period.

&&

Long term /Wednesday night through sun/...
issued at 233 PM EDT sun Aug 18 2019

Models in general agreement that a cold front will crop southeast
across central Indiana Wednesday and Wednesday night. The front will
interact with a warm, moist and unstable airmass and result in the
threat for thunderstorms Wednesday and Wednesday night.

Then, the 12z GFS and European model (ecmwf) differ in that the Euro brings more quantitative precipitation forecast
in Thursday and Thursday night whereas the GFS does not. The Euro
seems to be keying in on upper waves around a Great Lakes through
and the western part of the cold front stalling and lifting
northeast as a warm front. The blend incorporates both with small
pops, mainly south through Thursday night. With confidence low, will
leave the blend pops.

Slightly below normal blend temperatures look reasonable.

The rest of the weekend looks mostly dry with below normal
temperatures as Canadian high pressure builds in. However, would not
completely rule out isolated convection in northwest flow aloft.

&&

Aviation /discussion for the 18/18z taf issuance/...
issued at 1247 PM EDT sun Aug 18 2019

An upper wave will move across central Indiana this afternoon and
early evening. This feature will interact with a very warm, moist
and unstable atmosphere and result in scattered to numerous
thunderstorms through 02z Monday. So, brought in 2 hour tempo MVFR
thunderstorm groups with thunderstorms in the vicinity and VFR after.

Should see mostly VFR conditions after 02z per the sref. However,
would not be shocked to see MVFR for 09z-13z per the GFS lamp.

Winds will be southwest to 15 knots away from storms through 00z and
then southwest less than 10 knots after.

&&

Ind watches/warnings/advisories...none.

&&

$$

Synopsis...nield

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