Little change to 93L; Brazilian floods kill 42

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 2:18 PM GMT on June 23, 2010

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There has been little change over the past 24 hours to the tropical wave (Invest 93L) located a few hundred miles south of Haiti. The storm has brought heavy rains to the waters south of Hispaniola, with radar precipitation estimates from the Puerto Rico radar of over six inches of rain in the past day. The heaviest rains have avoided land areas so far. Satellite loops show a very disorganized system, with no low-level spiral bands and only limited heavy thunderstorm activity. There are no signs of a surface circulation visible on satellite imagery. Pressures at the ground stations surrounding the storm (Bahahona and Kingston) are not falling. Water vapor satellite loops show that moist air surrounds 93L, though there is a modest patch of dry air to the storm's southwest. This dry air is likely contributing to the lack of heavy thunderstorms on 93L's west side, slowing development. Wind shear is a low 5 - 15 knots. The high wind shear associated with the strong winds of the subtropical jet stream are over the northern Caribbean, too far north to interfere with development, but close enough to provide good upper-level outflow for the storm. Visible satellite loops show high level cirrus clouds streaming away from 93L to the northeast, evidence of the upper-level outflow channel that is developing to the storm's north. Sea Surface Temperatures are plenty warm, a record 29 - 30°C. The Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) currently favors upward motion over the Caribbean, which will act to increase the chances of tropical storm formation this week. The main negative for 93L continues to be the lack of spin. The University of Wisconsin 850 mb relative vorticity analysis is showing that spin at 850 mb (roughly 5,000 feet in altitude) has increased over the past day, but 93L needs to acquire additional spin before it can grow more organized. The Hurricane Hunters are on call to investigate 93L Thursday afternoon. Today's flight was canceled, due to 93L's lack of development.


Figure 1. Morning visible satellite image of the central Caribbean disturbance 93L.

Track forecast for 93L
NHC is giving 93L a 30% chance of developing into a tropical depression by Friday morning, which is a reasonable forecast. Given the storm's current lack of spin and relatively modest amount of heavy thunderstorms, the earliest I'd expect 93L to become a tropical depression would be Thursday afternoon, with Friday more likely. Wind shear is expected to be low, less than 10 knots, over the central and western Caribbean this week. Water temperatures will be warm, dry air limited, and the MJO favorable. I don't see any major impediments to the storm becoming a tropical depression by Friday, except for possible interaction with land. There is a low (less than 20% chance) of 93L becoming a hurricane in the Caribbean. Expect 93L to bring flooding rains of 3 - 6 inches to Jamaica, eastern Cuba, and southwestern Haiti today through Thursday. These rains will spread to the Cayman Islands and central Cuba by Thursday through Friday, and western Cuba and Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula on Friday and Saturday. The current run of the SHIPS model has 93L slowing down late this week to a forward speed of just 7 knots (8 mph) from its current speed of about 10 mph, in response to a weakening in the steering currents. A trough of low pressure is expected to swing down over the Eastern U.S. on Monday. If this trough is strong enough and 93L develops significantly, the storm could get pulled northwards and make landfall along the northern Gulf of Mexico coast. This is the solution of the ECMWF, GFDL, and HWRF models. This seems like a likely solution, since recent runs of most of the models have been showing a stronger trough. If 93L stays weak and/or the trough is not so strong, the storm would get pushed west-northwestwards towards the Texas coast. This is the solution of the NOGAPS and Canadian models, which foresee a more westerly track for 93L across the Yucatan Peninsula, with the storm eventually threatening Texas by Monday or Tuesday. The GFS and UKMET models do not develop 93L. A likely landfall location is highly uncertain this point, and the storm could hit virtually anywhere along the Gulf of Mexico coast from South Texas to the Florida Panhandle given the current uncertainty in its development, and the strength of next Monday's trough that may steer 93L northwards.

Intensity forecast for 93L
Forecasting the amount of wind shear in the Gulf of Mexico next week is problematic. There is currently a band of high shear near 30 knots over the Gulf, and most of the models predict that this band of high shear will lift northwards, keeping low wind shear over the Gulf next week. This should allow 93L to intensify to at least a 50 mph tropical storm, as predicted by the HWRF model. The GFDL and ECMWF models are calling for 93L to become a Category 1 or 2 hurricane, and this is certainly a possibility. I expect 93L will become Tropical Storm Alex in the Gulf of Mexico next week, and give a 20% chance that it will become a hurricane.

Elsewhere in the tropics
None of the reliable computer models is calling for tropical cyclone formation in the Atlantic over the next seven days.


Figure 2. Total accumulated precipitation in millimeters (left) for the 7-day period ending at 8am EDT June 21, 2010. The yellow colors (200+ mm, 8+ inches) are where extreme flooding was observed. Satellite image from NASA's MODIS instrument (right) for June 17, 2010, showing heavy thunderstorms over the Alagoas state of Brazil. Image credit: NASA and NOAA Climate Prediction Service.

Floods in Brazil kill dozens
Heavy rains over the past week in the northeast state of Alagoas in Brazil have led to major flooding that has killed at least 42 people. Six hundred people are still missing. This weekend rains in Alagoas and Pernambuco states are the latest in a series of devastating floods to strike Brazil this year. Since the start of Brazil's rainy season last November, 488 people have been killed by flooding and 7.5 million have been affected in 10 states. Much of the heavy rains can be blamed on El Niño, which ended in May. In April, flooding and landslides triggered by torrential rain killed at least 229 people and did $13.3 billion in damage in the Rio de Janeiro area.

It's been a bad year for floods, and there are two other major flooding disasters that have occurred in the past week. In China, the death toll has risen to 211 people, with 119 people missing, because of flooding in the southern portion of the country. France suffered a flash flood last week that killed 25.

Wind and ocean current forecast for the BP oil disaster
East to southeast winds of 10 - 15 knots will blow in the northern Gulf of Mexico today through Sunday, according to the latest marine forecast from NOAA. The resulting weak ocean currents should push the oil to the west and northwest onto portions of the Louisiana and Alabama coasts, according to the latest trajectory forecasts from NOAA and the State of Louisiana. I would expect Mississippi to have its most serious threat of oil yet early next week as these winds continue. The longer range outlook is uncertain, and will depend upon what 93L does.

Resources for the BP oil disaster
My post, What a hurricane would do the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
My post on the Southwest Florida "Forbidden Zone" where surface oil will rarely go
My post on what oil might do to a hurricane
NOAA's interactive mapping tool allows one to overlay wind and ocean current forecasts, oil locations, etc.
Gulf Oil Blog from the UGA Department of Marine Sciences
Oil Spill Academic Task Force
University of South Florida Ocean Circulation Group oil spill forecasts
ROFFS Deepwater Horizon page
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery from the University of Miami

Jeff Masters

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Quoting centex:
NHC not posting closed low status and only talking about area. When experts say this I question types like me who question it.


NHC might wanna read this blog and its post.....NICE JOB XCOOL and Weathersp for posting a very defined Closed SURFACE LOW! ITs there! Good job boys!
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3089. centex
Closed for the night.
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3088. xcool
ANYTIME.
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15625
Quoting xcool:


YOU READ MY MIND................NICE ! Thanks!
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3086. xcool
I'M WAIT FOR NEW ONE
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15625
XCool please post your Closed Low! Thanks
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3083. xcool
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15625
Dang i just ate a icecream sandwich now my son just came back for the movies and brought me a ft. long Subway.....OMG....i'm gonna eat it and then have to very bad dreams of "ALEX"
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3081. centex
Quoting TampaSpin:


XCool just posted a graphic a ways back showing it a well defined Closed Low...read backwards!
NHC not posting closed low status and only talking about area. When experts say this I question types like me who question it.
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Quoting weathersp:



LOOKS DANG CLOSED TO ME! Nice job!
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3077. xcool
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15625
Quoting Drakoen:
GFDL points at NOLA:



GFDL doesnt see the strength of the trough by Sunday night thru Tuesday. If anything does get stronger than a 45mph TS by Sunday night.. it will move NE towards Florida. Just matters how far west it gets before it gets north of 25dg and how soon. If 93L stays weak and makes it west of say 92W by Saturday.It will probably lag behind and move WNW towards Texas. Anything east of there will feel the trough digging down. Sunday the ridging breaks down over the GOM and Florida. Monday the ridging is S-N or even SSW-NNE and later Monday night into Tuesday its SW-NE east of 90ish. Everything above is just speculation.
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Quoting centex:
Come on NHC posting large area, In fact all adjacent areas, I guess you didn't get the fax. Maybe it will change tonight.


XCool just posted a graphic a ways back showing it a well defined Closed Low...read backwards!
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3073. xcool
YEAH :)
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15625
What the TWO should have said..... :)


000
ABNT20 KNHC 240536
TWOAT
TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS TPC/NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
200 AM EDT THU JUN 24 2010

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

A TROPICAL WAVE LOCATED OVER THE WESTERN CARIBBEAN SEA CONTINUES TO
PRODUCE SHOWERS AND A FEW THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS PORTIONS OF
HISPANIOLA...JAMAICA...CUBA...THE CAYMAN ISLANDS...AND THE ADJACENT
WATERS OF THE NORTHERN CARIBBEAN SEA. ALTHOUGH THE LOW-LEVEL
CIRCULATION OF THE WAVE APPEARS TO BE IMPROVING, AS HAS BEEN MENTIONED
AD NAUSEUM ON THE WEATHER UNDERGROUND TROPICAL WEATHER BLOG...THE ASSOCIATED
SHOWER ACTIVITY STILL LACKS ORGANIZATION AND IS LOCATED MAINLY TO
THE EAST OF THE WAVE AXIS. UPPER-LEVEL WINDS APPEAR CONDUCIVE FOR
SOME SLOW DEVELOPMENT OF THIS SYSTEM AS IT MOVES WESTWARD OR
WEST-NORTHWESTWARD AROUND 10 MPH OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS. AN
AIR FORCE RESERVE UNIT RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT IS TENTATIVELY
SCHEDULED TO INVESTIGATE THE SYSTEM THIS AFTERNOON...IF NECESSARY...
THERE WILL BE A HEALTHY DISCUSSION ON THE AFOREMENTIONED BLOG... FOR 15 OR 20 MINUTES AROUND 15 UTC... ABOUT
WHETHER THE FLIGHT HAS BEEN CANCELED OR JUST POSTPONED...
THERE IS A MEDIUM CHANCE...40 PERCENT...OF THIS SYSTEM BECOMING A
TROPICAL CYCLONE DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS...
THERE WILL ALSO BE MUCH DISCUSSION ABOUT HOW MUCH THE PERCENTAGE WILL RISE
FOR THE 8AM UPDATE... THE NHC WILL PROBABLY LOWER IT TO YANK EVERYONE'S CHAIN... WIDESPREAD SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS ARE ALSO AFFECTING PUERTO RICO AND THE NORTHERN
LEEWARD ISLANDS BUT ARE NOT DIRECTLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE TROPICAL
WAVE.

ELSEWHERE...TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION IS NOT EXPECTED DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS.... THE WEATHER UNDERGROUND BLOGGERS WILL IDENTIFY 4 OTHER
POSSIBLE AREAS OF TROPICAL STORM FORMATION DURING THIS TIME FRAME.

$$
FORECASTER BERG
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3070. centex
We all saw increased convection SW and or south of Jamaica. We only thought how would NHC interpret. Answer up chance slightly.
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I deleted mine. Sorry guys.
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3068. guygee
Four twos and I'm good until later this morning, Thanks for posting!
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how many more times are you guys going too post that lol
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Quoting reedzone:
Ok, enough with the TWOs now,:P

We understand it, 40%, LLC of the wave improving, we know, stop posting! lol


ROFL :-)
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night all i think i may wake up too red in the AM all most there
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Ok, enough with the TWOs now,:P

We understand it, 40%, LLC of the wave improving, we know, stop posting! lol
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3062. centex
Quoting TampaSpin:



ITS NOT OPEN! It's closed as hell. It has a very pronouced Closed Surface Low Now!
Come on NHC posting large area, In fact all adjacent areas, I guess you didn't get the fax. Maybe it will change tonight.
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I'm not good at this at all so don't rip me a new as my old one is doing just fine- but i think i see rotation at about 21n. 82w. is that what i see or is it the way the storms are forming in that area? please feel free to school me:) thanks!
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3059. xcool
YAH ROB.
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15625
.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
000
ABNT20 KNHC 240536
TWOAT
TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS TPC/NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
200 AM EDT THU JUN 24 2010

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

A TROPICAL WAVE LOCATED OVER THE WESTERN CARIBBEAN SEA CONTINUES TO
PRODUCE SHOWERS AND A FEW THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS PORTIONS OF
HISPANIOLA...JAMAICA...CUBA...THE CAYMAN ISLANDS...AND THE ADJACENT
WATERS OF THE NORTHERN CARIBBEAN SEA. ALTHOUGH THE LOW-LEVEL
CIRCULATION OF THE WAVE APPEARS TO BE IMPROVING...THE ASSOCIATED
SHOWER ACTIVITY STILL LACKS ORGANIZATION AND IS LOCATED MAINLY TO
THE EAST OF THE WAVE AXIS. UPPER-LEVEL WINDS APPEAR CONDUCIVE FOR
SOME SLOW DEVELOPMENT OF THIS SYSTEM AS IT MOVES WESTWARD OR
WEST-NORTHWESTWARD AROUND 10 MPH OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS. AN
AIR FORCE RESERVE UNIT RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT IS TENTATIVELY
SCHEDULED TO INVESTIGATE THE SYSTEM THIS AFTERNOON...IF NECESSARY.
THERE IS A MEDIUM CHANCE...40 PERCENT...OF THIS SYSTEM BECOMING A
TROPICAL CYCLONE DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS. WIDESPREAD SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS ARE ALSO AFFECTING PUERTO RICO AND THE NORTHERN
LEEWARD ISLANDS BUT ARE NOT DIRECTLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE TROPICAL
WAVE.

ELSEWHERE...TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION IS NOT EXPECTED DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS.

$$
FORECASTER BERG
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
3054. Drakoen
ABNT20 KNHC 240536
TWOAT
TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
NWS TPC/NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
200 AM EDT THU JUN 24 2010

FOR THE NORTH ATLANTIC...CARIBBEAN SEA AND THE GULF OF MEXICO...

A TROPICAL WAVE LOCATED OVER THE WESTERN CARIBBEAN SEA CONTINUES TO
PRODUCE SHOWERS AND A FEW THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS PORTIONS OF
HISPANIOLA...JAMAICA...CUBA...THE CAYMAN ISLANDS...AND THE ADJACENT
WATERS OF THE NORTHERN CARIBBEAN SEA. ALTHOUGH THE LOW-LEVEL
CIRCULATION OF THE WAVE APPEARS TO BE IMPROVING...THE ASSOCIATED
SHOWER ACTIVITY STILL LACKS ORGANIZATION AND IS LOCATED MAINLY TO
THE EAST OF THE WAVE AXIS. UPPER-LEVEL WINDS APPEAR CONDUCIVE FOR
SOME SLOW DEVELOPMENT OF THIS SYSTEM AS IT MOVES WESTWARD OR
WEST-NORTHWESTWARD AROUND 10 MPH OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS. AN
AIR FORCE RESERVE UNIT RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT IS TENTATIVELY
SCHEDULED TO INVESTIGATE THE SYSTEM THIS AFTERNOON...IF NECESSARY.
THERE IS A MEDIUM CHANCE...40 PERCENT...OF THIS SYSTEM BECOMING A
TROPICAL CYCLONE DURING THE NEXT 48 HOURS. WIDESPREAD SHOWERS AND
THUNDERSTORMS ARE ALSO AFFECTING PUERTO RICO AND THE NORTHERN
LEEWARD ISLANDS BUT ARE NOT DIRECTLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE TROPICAL
WAVE.

ELSEWHERE...TROPICAL CYCLONE FORMATION IS NOT EXPECTED DURING THE
NEXT 48 HOURS.

Member Since: October 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 29919
3053. xcool
GFDL KEEP SHOWS NOLA.ALLTIME HMMM ?
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15625
Quoting Tazmanian:
the mode runs of DOOM


They don't call it Hurricane ally for nothin'
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3051. Drakoen
40%
Member Since: October 28, 2006 Posts: 57 Comments: 29919
Quoting reedzone:


It's an open surface trough, it might be forming a surface low, but not there yet. ;)



ITS NOT OPEN! It's closed as hell. It has a very pronouced Closed Surface Low Now!
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the mode runs of DOOM
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3046. xcool
Acemmett90 LOL
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15625
am going too bed has soon has the new two comes out
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3042. centex
Quoting OracleDeAtlantis:


LOL Pure common sense.
Not seen much of that.
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3041. xcool
MODELS All over the place .
Member Since: September 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15625
Quoting xcool:



CMC & NGP HIT TX .


That's just an ugly place for it to end up. Further east enough to draw the oil away from Pensacola would be better. Just sayin'
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Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.